For many people, the concept of Dhamma, (also known as Dharma), provides meaning and understanding within their lives. It is a central aspect of the Buddhist belief that teaches individuals to overcome dissatisfaction or suffering, which Buddhists call dukkha. Dhamma refers to the teachings of the Buddha, which have been passed down from generation to generation, providing guidance on achieving enlightenment.
The Dhamma, as taught by the Buddha, was originally shared through word of mouth with his followers. It was not until many years later that these teachings were compiled in written form, appearing in the Pali canon, also known as the Tipitaka, and later in the Mahayana Sutras.
The Dhamma reveals truths about life and provides a way to live that can lead individuals towards enlightenment. It encourages Buddhists to follow the Noble Eightfold Path and to practice meditation. Buddhists believe that following the Dhamma in their daily lives can help them overcome suffering.
Dhamma is one of the “Three Refuges” of Buddhism, along with the Buddha and the Sangha. These refuges are seen as a way to protect oneself from suffering encountered in the world.
Central to Buddhist belief is the idea that Dhamma ‘upholds’ the religion and the natural order of the universe. Buddhists are encouraged to follow the actions and teachings of the Buddha, such as the Noble Eightfold Path, which helps individuals to overcome extremes of behaviour.
In a nutshell, Dhamma can be described as a fundamental concept of Buddhism that teaches individuals to overcome suffering and achieve enlightenment. It provides guidance on how to live one’s life and encourages individuals to follow the teachings of the Buddha. By embracing the Dhamma, individuals can find meaning and understanding within their lives, and be protected from the suffering encountered in the world.