Buddhism can be considered both a religion and a philosophical system. It originated in ancient India as a spiritual movement, and has since evolved and spread throughout the world. For some, Buddhism is primarily a religion, as it offers a spiritual path to enlightenment and liberation from the cycle of rebirth. In this sense, Buddhism is often seen as having a belief in supernatural powers, such as reincarnation and karma.
Some people also see Buddhism as a way of life or a system of personal development that focuses on the individual’s own experience and inner growth, rather than relying solely on beliefs and rituals. This perspective places more emphasis on the practical application of Buddhist teachings and values, rather than the adherence to religious doctrine.
From a religious perspective, Buddhism involves beliefs in the Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Path, and the Three Universal Truths, as well as devotion to the Buddha and other deities. It also involves practices such as meditation, ethical behaviour, and rituals.
In true definition, Buddhism is a philosophy or way of life, as it emphasises the practice of mindfulness and self-awareness as a means of reaching a state of enlightenment. In this sense, Buddhism is seen as a non-theistic system of thought, as it does not require belief in a personal deity or gods.
Ultimately, the classification of Buddhism as a religion or philosophy is open to interpretation and may depend on one’s own cultural and personal experiences.