Karuna, also spelled as Karuṇā, is a concept in Buddhism that refers to the practice of compassion or empathy towards all beings.

The term “Karuna” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Karunā”, which means “compassion”. It involves cultivating a deep understanding and empathy for the suffering of others, and a strong desire to alleviate that suffering.

The practice of Karuna is often done through meditation, where one reflects on the suffering of others and generates a feeling of compassion and empathy for them. It is also practiced through acts of kindness, generosity, and service towards others.

The practice of Karuna is considered one of the Four Brahma Viharas or Divine Abodes in Buddhism, which also includes loving-kindness, sympathetic joy, and equanimity. The cultivation of these qualities is believed to lead to a deep sense of inner peace, happiness, and liberation from suffering.

By practicing Karuna, one can develop a strong sense of empathy and compassion towards all beings, and work towards alleviating the suffering of others. It is believed that the practice of Karuna not only benefits others but also leads to the practitioner’s spiritual development and liberation from suffering.